Biomaterials Translational ›› 2022, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 134-141.doi: 10.12336/biomatertransl.2022.02.005

• RESEARCH ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Three-dimensional-printed titanium prostheses with bone trabeculae enable mechanical-biological reconstruction after resection of bone tumours

Feifei Pu, Wei Wu, Doudou Jing, Yihan Yu, Yizhong Peng, Jianxiang Liu, Qiang Wu, Baichuan Wang, Zhicai Zhang(), Zengwu Shao()   

  1. Department of Orthopaedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China
  • Received:2022-04-01 Revised:2022-04-22 Accepted:2022-05-14 Online:2022-06-28 Published:2022-06-28
  • Contact: Zhicai Zhang,Zengwu Shao E-mail:zhicaizhang@hust.edu.cn;1985XH0536@hust.edu.cn
  • About author:Zhicai Zhang, zhicaizhang@hust.edu.cn.
    Zengwu Shao, 1985XH0536@hust.edu.cn;
    First author contact:#Author Equally.


Reconstruction after resection has always been an urgent problem in the treatment of bone tumours. There are many methods that can be used to reconstruct bone defects; however, there are also many complications, and it is difficult to develop a safe and effective reconstruction plan for the treatment of bone tumours. With the rapid development of digital orthopaedics, three-dimensional printing technology can solve this problem. The three-dimensional printing of personalised prostheses has many advantages. It can be used to print complex structures that are difficult to fabricate using traditional processes and overcome the problems of stress shielding and low biological activity of conventional prostheses. In this study, 12 patients with bone tumours were selected as research subjects, and based on individualised reverse-engineering design technology, a three-dimensional model of each prosthesis was designed and installed using medical image data. Ti6Al4V was used as the raw material to prepare the prostheses, which were used to repair bone defects after surgical resection. The operation time was 266.43 ± 21.08 minutes (range 180–390 minutes), and intraoperative blood loss was 857.26 ± 84.28 mL (range 800–2500 mL). One patient had delayed wound healing after surgery, but all patients survived without local tumour recurrence, and no tumour metastasis was found. No aseptic loosening or structural fracture of the prosthesis, and no non-mechanical prosthesis failure caused by infection, tumour recurrence, or progression was observed. The Musculo-Skeletal Tumour Society (MSTS) score of limb function was 22.53 ± 2.09 (range 16–26), and ten of the 12 patients scored ≥ 20 and were able to function normally. The results showed that three-dimensional printed prostheses with an individualised design can achieve satisfactory short-term clinical efficacy in the reconstruction of large bone defects after bone tumour resection.

Key words: bone defect, bone tumour, printed biomechanical reconstruction, prostheses, three-dimensional