Biomaterials Translational ›› 2023, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 248-269.doi: 10.12336/biomatertransl.2023.04.005

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Bioactive elements manipulate bone regeneration

Long Bai1,2,3#, Peiran Song1,3#, Jiacan Su1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1 Organoid Research Center, Institute of Translational Medicine, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China
    2 Department of Orthopedics, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
    3 National Center for Translational Medicine (Shanghai) SHU Branch, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China
  • Received:2023-11-01 Revised:2023-11-21 Accepted:2023-12-08 Online:2023-12-27 Published:2023-12-28
  • Contact: Jiacan Su, drsujiacan@163.com.
  • About author:#Author equally.


While bone tissue is known for its inherent regenerative abilities, various pathological conditions and trauma can disrupt its meticulously regulated processes of bone formation and resorption. Bone tissue engineering aims to replicate the extracellular matrix of bone tissue as well as the sophisticated biochemical mechanisms crucial for effective regeneration. Traditionally, the field has relied on external agents like growth factors and pharmaceuticals to modulate these processes. Although efficacious in certain scenarios, this strategy is compromised by limitations such as safety issues and the transient nature of the compound release and half-life. Conversely, bioactive elements such as zinc (Zn), magnesium (Mg) and silicon (Si), have garnered increasing interest for their therapeutic benefits, superior stability, and reduced biotic risks. Moreover, these elements are often incorporated into biomaterials that function as multifaceted bioactive components, facilitating bone regeneration via release on-demand. By elucidating the mechanistic roles and therapeutic efficacy of the bioactive elements, this review aims to establish bioactive elements as a robust and clinically viable strategy for advanced bone regeneration.

Key words: bioactive elements, biomaterials, bone organoid, bone regeneration, controllable release